Examination of the influence of religion in society
Throughout history, religious values and groups have had a dramatic influence in human societies. In this respect, it is important to consider the social-political role of a number of religious organizations like Christian churches in places like Europe. Without a doubt, Christianity has been the religious faith that has had the biggest influence in Europe throughout history. What started as a social movement that had its roots in Judaism (Marshall, 1994), became the most significant religious group in Europe. Religion has had an important social influence, particularly through the role of Christian institutions like the monasteries which had a very significant influence in European culture, through their role as educational institutions (Marshall, 1994).
Politically, Christendom had also a notable influence in Europe. During the Middle Ages, for instance, the church intended to increase its influence, and saw itself forced to engage in three decades of struggle for supremacy (Finer, 1991: 22), against what became known as the “Holy Roman Empire” (Evans 1991: 273). Throughout history; Christian churches experienced two divisions. First divided Christians into Orthodox and Roman Catholic; while the second separated the remaining Roman Catholic group into Protestant and Catholic churches. This divided Europe in two types of societies, South European, predominantly Catholic with the exception of Greece, and North European, in which Protestantism has a strong influence. To some extent this division exists today too (Dunphy, 1995).
[...] in association with the University of Warwick. Offe, C. and S. Fuchs (2002) ‘A Decline of Social Capital?: The German Case’, in Putnam, R. D. (ed.) (2002) “Democracies in Flux: The Evolution of Social Capital in Contemporary Society”. Oxford: Oxford University Press, Inc. Putnam, R. D. (2001) “Bowling Alone: The Collapse and the Revival of American Community”. New York : Touchstone (published by Simon & Schuster Inc.). Turner, B. S. (1983) “Religion and Social Theory”. London: Heinemann Educational Books Ltd. [...]
[...] Some of these campaigns are in favour of the restriction of the number of situations in which women are allowed to abort in Europe. Campaigns of the most extremist Christian groups also intend to make abortion illegal. Numerous Protestant groups in Norway and other Scandinavian countries are opposed to “certain directions taken by modernization, particularly abortion” (Crouch, 2000: 93). On the other hand, other Protestant churches like the Church of England or the Methodist Church (Watton, 1999) allow abortion in particular situations. [...]
«Introduction. Role of religion in the development of civilization. Review of an article: 'Culture War Erupts in Iran'. Social unrest in the evaluation of new state. Role of women in civilisation. Role of typical form of symbolic interaction comes from la...»
«Religion has played a vital role in the development of civilization across all corners of the globe, and today is no exception. The reality is that much of the most notable events throughout the world's history have been influenced in a significant way by religion of one kind or another. The...»
«Introduction. The importance of making a number of qualifications. Expansiveness of the topic of religion and foreign policy. The nature of the term religion. The failure of Bush's administration in the case of Iraq. Attempts to make American foreign policy more ethical. The direct influence...»
«The proverbial "man from mars" suddenly plunged onto the American continent would be amazed and confused at the spectacle before him. He would soon discover that in the world's most perceived secularized society it is not uncommon to justify national interests with religious undertones and the...»
«Introduction. Macedonian War. The treaty between Philip and Hannibal. Macedonia and Carthage. Conclusion.»
«The first Macedonian War between Philip V of Macedon and the Roman Republic took place between 214 - 205 BC. This war was one of three that led to the division and the eventual end of Macedonia. Prior to the beginning of any known physical conflict between the nations of Rome and Macedonia, an...»
«Introduction. History of Turkmenistan. Present day Turkmenistan. Western criticism. American benefits. Conclusion.»
«Turkmenistan is a country full of promises and potential for a brighter future to the world. Throughout history, the country of Turkmenistan has provided an abundance of archeological finds as well as an advance dwelling civilization. This civilization has been through many epochs and advancements...»