«Introduction. A neglected belief: Justice Harlan’s dissenting opinion. Brown’s decision. Civil Rights Cases. Conclusion....»
«Following the American Civil Revolution, the federal government sought to grant protection of civil rights for those who have been neglected by it before: African Americans who have just been freed from slavery. This period was called the...»
«Introduction. The theory of freedom of speech is conceptualised along similar lines in both France and Singapore. The sources of freedom of speech. The limits of freedom of speech. The application of freedom of speech differs in France and Singapore...»
«Each and every one of us enters this world with a cry, and it is with this utmost fundamental expression of ourselves that we first convey to our parents our basic needs and wants, later expanding the scope of communication to friends and then the...»
«Introduction. The grounds for setting aside an award. Limitations to the grounds for setting aside. Restoration of the award’s finality. Conclusion....»
«In the Report of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law on international commercial arbitration, it is stated that "-he issues relating to setting aside or annulment of arbitral awards are amongst the most difficult ones to be...»
«Introduction. Meaning of independence, impartiality, and also neutrality. The conflict of interest inherent to the party-appointed arbitrator. The conflicts of interest that might arise according to circumstances. Conclusio...»
«There is a tension inherent to the arbitration process that raises the sensitive issue of the independence and impartiality of the arbitral tribunal; it is the "tension of an ideal, that is, perfect fairness of the arbitrator, against the reality...»
Law & contracts
«Introduction. The underlying clash between private interest and public policy. The arbitrator‘ s point of view. The arbitrator‘ s treatment....
«Introduction. When the question of subject matter arbitrability is raised, by whom, and in front of whom. Which law governs the enquiry as to...
«Introduction. Origin and meaning of kompetenz-kompetenz. The various forms of kompetenz-kompetenz. The stakes in kompetenz-kompetenz. Conclusion....»
«Introduction. European Union environmental law. Environmental requirements. Union activity. Failure to incorporate environmental requirements into...
«Date. Addressee. Main body of the letter....»
«Introduction. Consensual relationship. Agreements. Conclusion....»