The debate on reform or the abolition of the House of Lords
The House of Lords is the upper house of the British Parliament. It is composed of three categories.Its members include those who have been given the titles of ‘Baron’ or ‘Baroness’ by the Queen. They can be a part of the House of Lords for their entire lives. There are also hereditary peers who will sit on from generation to generation. Then there are 26 Spiritual members (the archbishops and Anglican bishops). The majority of these 1148 members are largely conservative, despite the presence of cross-benchers (independents).
This composition has been challenged by the reforms of the Labor party in 1999. Since 1832, the position of the Upper House has been declining. Its authority has been increasingly challenged, particularly by the House of Commons. The House of Lords is the first symbol of British politics. Indeed, it is the place where the Throne Speech is delivered each year by the Queen and this has given it a certain in recent centuries. But its real power has been decreasing since 1832 because of the reforms that have been taking place.
According to Gicquel "the Lords are gradually diminishing their legislative powers  at the beginning of the twentieth century" They never had any authority on tax laws, financial or budgetary but now their powers in legislative and judicial matters have also been reduced.
This raises the question of the real use of the House of Lords. This paper questions the role played by this House in today’s political scene.
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