The Bill of Rights of 1789 argues that Article IX of free flow of information is one of "the most precious rights of man." Therefore, this statement formally dedicated the need for freedom of opinion in democratic systems.
Since 1789, many laws have been given to the media regarding press freedom, which allowed them to become autonomous from the political sphere and to serve the virtues of democracy. The media seem to be able to achieve this result. Indeed, the media refer to both the actors of the media (journalist, TV presenter or radio) and also to any means that allows one to connect a group of individuals on specific content (telegraph, telephone, newspapers, and internet).
Clearly, the media seems to be the keystone of democracy, because they can facilitate communication between the different actors of democracy, that is to say, citizens and politicians. Therefore, we must address the question of the impact of media in democracy and study how the media play their roles as intermediaries between citizens and political actors.
Does the political world have power over the media? Do they make the media the politics of the citizens? Have the new media (television, internet) upset the balance of power between citizens, politicians and the media?
Tags: media and democracy, Bill of Rights, political power over media
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