In 2003, the United States and its allies seized Iraq in order to eliminate the weapons of mass destruction and terrorist groups. In 2007, Iraq experienced a civil war that saw the coalition forces allied to those of the Iraqi government and the different ethnic components of the Iraqi people. At the time of the invasion and the debate between pro and anti-war sentiments, Jacques Chirac, a supporter of peace, had said: "It does not export democracy in an armored car."
In the words of the former President of the Republic, difficulties were faced by Western countries to promote democracy beyond the borders of the continents Europe and North America. The export of democracy and the export of human rights had not expected the Iraqi crisis to speak of them. The atrocities of the Second World War highlighted the need to promote and protect democracy and human rights. Thus, in 1949, the Council of Europe was born and aimed to achieve a "greater unity between its members to safeguard and promote the ideals and principles which are their common heritage and facilitating their economic and social [unity]."
From its inception, the Council supports the problems of Europe and many attempts by the work of its bodies: proposals, recommendations, and conventions, to provide remedies to the continent. The European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), which came into force in 1953, remains the most important achievement of the Council. Constitution of the Council, it devotes a series of rights and civil and political liberties and establishes a legal framework to ensure respect for these rights and freedoms by the Member States.
However, the end of the Iron Curtain in 1989 and the return to Europe of former Communist bloc countries raise the question of adherence and compliance of these countries of Central and Eastern Europe that have no democratic culture. The Handbook of European Law and International Human Rights, F.Sudre, Professor of Public Law, published in 2006, highlights the inconsistency of the Council and the Convention with the accession countries of the former USSR.
Tags: F Sudre; Handbook of European Law and International Human Rights; The Council of Europe; European Convention on Human Rights;
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