The status of the opposition in the United Kingdom
- Les raisons historiques et actuelles du bilinguisme au canada
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The Opposition is defined as a minority, and does not exercise the capacity and intends to dispute the way in which it is carried out. In democratic matters, the Parliament is the principal instrument which allows the debate between the various opinions. It supports the expression of the right of opposition in a peaceful way. The existence of an Opposition is thus essential to the good performance of a democratic regime. When the right of Opposition is threatened, it is not only the rights of the parties which are not in agreement with the majority that is ridiculed, but in fact the rights and freedom of all citizens that are called into question.
The right to oppose is an instrument that is necessary in the democracy, and has a particular status in the United Kingdom. Indeed, in the British system, the opposition “is institutionalized”, i.e., an official role is recognized within the Parliament in the House of Commons and House of Lords. Also, in the operation of the British democracy in its globalist nature, it is accepted and devoted in an official way and plays a crucial role. It also possesses many privileges which are granted to it. No country, except the United Kingdom, strictly speaking, determined “a particular status of the opposition”.
The respect of this Opposition defines the liberal character of the institutions and the balance of the British parliamentary mode. But which is this particular status which the Opposition in the United Kingdom has? What differentiates it from the other countries and modes? In order to answer these questions, this paper will study the operation of the Opposition in the United Kingdom, its organization and its attributes, and in the second part, it will explain the limits in its current evolution.
In the UK, the dominant system since the war is a two-party system, which ensures both political stability, consistent with a majority government and a form of democratic representation, possible due to the alternation in power of the two major parties , Labor on the one hand (this now with Gordon Brown since 2007, and in power since1997 with Tony Blair) and conservative on the other (including MargaretThatcher from 1979 to 1990), however, leaving very little room for the third force, that is to say the Liberal Democrats.
Tags: The United Kingdom; status of opposition; operation of the Opposition in the UK; organization and attributes
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